The world’s oceans are one of its most precious resources. From regulating global climate, to sustaining rich ecosystems, to providing sites for recreation and entertainment like parasailing with Just Chute Me Parasail, oceans are a vital component of the environment. Ocean’s cover 70% of the world’s surface, so its health and preservation should be the concern of every individual who benefits from them. There are steps that everyone can pursue to contribute to this effort to save oceans.
1. Reduce carbon footprint
Global carbon dioxide emissions make ocean waters more acidic, and the residual effect on climate change impacts sea levels. Warmer and more acidic water adversely impacts ocean ecosystems like coral reefs, which will deplete as the effects spread. Reduce carbon emissions by utilizing energy efficiently, walking or taking public transportation, or a number of other individual practices that reduce harmful emissions.
2. Make sustainable seafood choices
Today, three quarters of the world’s fisheries are overexploited, fully exploited, significantly depleted, or recovering from overexploitation. Making sure to purchase sustainably-sourced seafood will contribute to the future health of these marine ecosystems.
3. Use fewer plastic products
Plastic waste in the ocean is a leading cause of death in marine wildlife, who often confuse the plastic for food. Using reusable bags, avoiding the use of straws, and eliminating as much plastic as possible from your daily life can help keep plastic out of the oceans.
4. Use less fertilizer
Excess fertilizer from gardening and farming tends to end up in oceans, where it can create “dead zones” with very low oxygen levels. The lack of oxygen is harmful to the oceans’ habitats and kills fish and marine life. Using the proper amounts of fertilizer helps to alleviate this issue of overuse.
5. Keep beaches clean
Much of the trash and garbage that ends up in the ocean has its origins on land at beaches. Beach attendance is on the rise, which means that without any changes in behavior, garbage on the beach will also rise. Individual efforts to remove trash from beaches will help reduce garbage in the ocean that can harm wildlife.
6. Vote responsibly
One of the best ways to enact longer-term change is to elect leaders who pledge to enact legislation to protect the environment. Before voting for politicians, research their positions on carbon emissions, climate change, and protection of the oceans. Vote for candidates that credibly commit to addressing these issues.
It has already been discussed why garbage in the oceans is harmful for ocean ecosystems. Another action that individuals can take is to recycle. Every item recycled is one fewer item that can end up in the ocean.
8. Support an ocean-friendly NGO
There are many organizations that devote their work to protecting oceans. Sometimes the best contribution an individual can make is to support the work of people who dedicate their time and talent to these issues.